Photon emission rate engineering using graphene nanodisc cavities

TitlePhoton emission rate engineering using graphene nanodisc cavities
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAnshuman Kumar, Kin Hung Fung, M. T. Homer Reid, Nicholas X. Fang
JournalOpt. Express
Date PublishedMar
KeywordsPlasmonics, Surface plasmons

In this work, we present a systematic study of the plasmon modes in a system of vertically stacked pair of graphene discs. Quasistatic approximation is used to model the eigenmodes of the system. Eigen-response theory is employed to explain the spatial dependence of the coupling between the plasmon modes and a quantum emitter. These results show a good match between the semi-analytical calculation and full-wave simulations. Secondly, we have shown that it is possible to engineer the decay rates of a quantum emitter placed inside and near this cavity, using Fermi level tuning, via gate voltages and variation of emitter location and polarization. We highlighted that by coupling to the bright plasmon mode, the radiative efficiency of the emitter can be enhanced compared to the single graphene disc case, whereas the dark plasmon mode suppresses the radiative efficiency.